CLAT PG 2025 Syllabus Download Now
LegalStix Law School

CLAT PG 2025 Syllabus Download Now

Download FREE LegalStix App

Preparing for the CLAT PG 2025 exam requires a thorough understanding of the syllabus to prioritize the topics and score well. In this article, we will provide you with a detailed breakdown of the CLAT LLM syllabus, including the subjects and sub-topics you need to focus on. Whether you're delving into the complexities of Constitutional Law or unraveling the intricate theories of Jurisprudence, we've got you covered. Get ready to ace your preparation with our comprehensive overview of the CLAT PG syllabus for 2025!

Overview of the CLAT PG LLM syllabus for 2025

The Consortium of National Law Universities has specified that the CLAT PG question paper is based on the following mandatory subjects:

  1. Constitutional Law
  2. Jurisprudence
  3. Administrative Law
  4. Law of Contract
  5. Law of Torts
  6. Family Law
  7. Criminal Law
  8. Property Law
  9. Company Law
  10. Public International Law
  11. Tax Law
  12. Environmental Law
  13. Labour & Industrial Law

These subjects cover a wide range of legal principles and concepts that are essential for a comprehensive understanding of the Indian legal system. In the following sections, we will delve into each subject and explore the sub-topics you need to focus on in your preparation.

Constitutional Law

Constitutional Law is a central part of the CLAT PG syllabus. It focuses on the organization of the state and its laws. To excel in this subject, you should concentrate on the following sub-topics:

  1. Basic & Salient Features of the Indian Constitution/History/Preamble.
  2. Citizenship.
  3. Doctrine of Basic Structure.
  4. Fundamental Rights - Article 12- Article 30.
  5. DPSPs & Fundamental Duties.
  6. Important Amendments.
  7. Constitutional Remedies.
  8. Supreme Court.
  9. Ordinance Power.
  10. Parliament.
  11. Services under Union and State.
  12. Emergency Provisions.
  13. Anti-Defection Law.
  14. Center-state Relations.
  15. Scheduled Area.
  16. Article 300 A.
  17. Article 370.

Understanding the intricacies of the Indian Constitution and its various provisions is crucial for this subject. Make sure to familiarize yourself with landmark judgments related to constitutional law.


Jurisprudence involves the theory and philosophy of law. To prepare for this subject, focus on the following topics:

  1. Definition/Nature of Jurisprudence.
  2. Source of Law.
  3. School of Jurisprudence.
  4. Rights.
  5. Duties.
  6. Power Liability Person and Liabilities.
  7. Ownership and Possession.
  8. Corporate Liability.
  9. Theories of Punishment.
  10. Law and Morals.
  11. Contemporary Jurists & Recent Contemporary Concepts.
  12. Maxims.
  13. Hohfeld’s Legal Relation/ Jural Analysis.

Studying the various theories of law and their practical applications will provide you with a strong foundation in jurisprudence.

Administrative Law

Administrative Law deals with the legal rules and principles governing public administration. Pay attention to the following topics in this subject:

  1. Meaning, Definition.
  2. Scope and Significance of Administrative Law.
  3. Rule of Law.
  4. Administrative Actions - Meaning and Classifications.
  5. Principles of Natural Justice, Meaning, Nature and need for administrative direction.
  6. Natural Justice and Statutory Provisions.
  7. Control Mechanism of Delegated Legislation Parliamentary.
  8. Procedural and Adjudicatory.
  9. Liability of Administration.
  10. Administrative Discretion and Remedies.
  11. Meaning of Delegated.
  12. Legislation and its growth.
  13. Administrative Adjudication.
  14. Enforceability of Administrative Direction.
  15. Administrative Direction to Quasi-Judicial and Statutory Bodies.
  16. Doctrine of Estoppel.
  17. Relationship between Constitutional Law and Administrative Law.
  18. Emerging Trends in Administrative Law.

Understanding the principles and procedures involved in administrative decision-making and governance is crucial for this subject.

Law of Contract 

The Law of Contract pertains to creating and enforcing agreements between parties. Focus on the following topics in this subject:

  1. Introduction.
  2. Basic elements of Contract.
  3. Offer Acceptance Consideration, etc.
  4. Communication of Offer, Acceptance, and Revocation of Offer & Acceptance.
  5. Consent.
  6. Capacity to Contract.
  7. Privity of Contract.
  8. Element Vitiating Contract.
  9. Wagering Agreements and Contingent Contract.
  10. Quasi Contract.
  11. Breach of Contract and Remedies for Breach of Contract.
  12. Bailment, Pledge- Specific Contract.
  13. Indemnity, Guarantee and Agency.
  14. Force Majeure & Doctrine of Frustration.

Understanding the essential elements of a contract and the legal consequences of breach or non-performance is crucial for this subject.

Law of Torts

The Law of Torts covers civil wrongs causing harm or injury and the legal remedies for such actions. Pay attention to the following topics in this subject:

  1. Introduction to General Principles.
  2. What are Torts?
  3. Origin of Law of Torts in India.
  4. Criticism of Winfield.
  5. Damnum sine Injuria/ Injuria sine Damnum Tortious Liability.
  6. Several Independent Tortfeasors.
  7. Joint Tortfeasors and related cases.
  8. Statutory Authority.
  9. Consent (Volenti nonfit Injuria) General Defences.
  10. Acts of God & Private Defence.
  11. Strict Liability.
  12. Specific Torts.
  13. Absolute Liability.
  14. Negligence.
  15. Nuisance and Defamation.
  16. Vicarious Liability.
  17. Consumer Protection.
  18. The distinction between Joint and Several Tortfeasor.

Understanding the different types of torts and the principles of liability will help you navigate this subject effectively.

Family Law

Family Law encompasses the legal regulations surrounding familial relations, including marriage, divorce, and child custody. Focus on the following topics in this subject:

  1. Marriage.
  2. Divorce.
  3. Adoption.
  4. Maintenance.
  5. Guardianship and Custody.
  6. Joint Family.
  7. Succession.

Understanding the legal principles and procedures related to family disputes and domestic relations is crucial for this subject.

Criminal Law 

Criminal Law deals with crimes and their punishments. Pay attention to the following topics in this subject:

  1. Overview/Introduction.
  2. Criminal Courts in India.
  3. Stages of Trial: Investigation, Inquiry, Trial.
  4. Plea Bargaining.
  5. Bail.
  6. Vitiation of Proceedings.
  7. Inherent Power.

Understanding the criminal justice system and the different stages of criminal proceedings is crucial for this subject.

Property Law 

Property Law focuses on the rules for owning and transferring property. Pay attention to the following topics in this subject:

  1. Outline and Applicability of the subject.
  2. Types of Properties.
  3. Concept of Sale, Lease, Mortgage, Exchange, Gift, Will, etc.
  4. Actionable Claims.

Understanding the legal principles related to property ownership and transactions is crucial for this subject.

Company Law 

Company Law governs how corporations are formed, operated, and regulated. Focus on the following topics in this subject:

  1. Introduction to Company Law.
  2. Types of Companies.
  3. Memorandum and Articles of Association.
  4. Directors and Shareholders.
  5. Corporate Governance.
  6. Mergers and Acquisitions.
  7. Winding up of Companies.

Understanding the legal framework for corporate entities and their operations is crucial for this subject.

Public International Law

Public International Law encompasses the set of rules, norms, and standards generally accepted in relations between nations. Pay attention to the following topics in this subject:

  1. What is International Law?
  2. Sources of International Law.
  3. Relationship between Municipal and International Law.
  4. Treaties.
  5. International Organizations.
  6. State Recognition.
  7. State Succession.
  8. Human Rights and International Law.
  9. Law of Sea, Air, and Space.
  10. Settlement of Dispute.

Understanding the principles of international law and the legal framework governing relations between nations is crucial for this subject.

Tax Law

Tax Law entails the legal regulations related to the taxation process. Pay attention to the following topics in this subject:

  1. Introduction to Tax Law.
  2. Direct and Indirect Taxes.
  3. Constitutional Provisions related to Taxation.
  4. Income Tax Act.
  5. Goods and Services Tax.

Understanding the legal provisions and principles related to taxation is crucial for this subject.

Environmental Law 

Environmental Law comprises the laws and regulations to protect the environment. Pay attention to the following topics in this subject:

  1. The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act 1974.
  2. The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act 1981.
  3. The Environment (Protection) Act 1986.
  4. The National Environment Tribunal Act, 1955.
  5. Indian Forest Act, 1927.
  6. The Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980.
  7. The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
  8. Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991.
  9. Schedule Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act 2006.
  10. International Environment Law.

Understanding the legal framework for environmental protection and conservation is crucial for this subject.

Labour & Industrial Law

Labour & Industrial Law deals with the rights and responsibilities of employees and employers. Pay attention to the following topics in this subject:

  1. Introduction to Labour and Industrial Law.
  2. Theory and Concept of Industrial Relations.
  3. Industrial Relations Code 2020.
  4. Code on Social Security 2020.
  5. Code on Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions 2020.
  6. Code on Wages 2020.
  7. Industrial Disputes Act.
  8. The Factories Act, 1948.
  9. The Standing Orders Act.
  10. Analysis of Recent Amendments made in Labour Laws.
  11. Leading Cases in Labour Laws.

Understanding the legal principles related to labor rights, industrial relations, and workplace regulations is crucial for this subject.

Best Books for CLAT PG 2025

To prepare effectively for the CLAT PG 2025 exam, it is important to refer to the right books and study materials. Here are some recommended books for each subject:

  1. Constitutional Law: "Constitution of India" by J.N. Pandey.
  2. Jurisprudence: "Jurisprudence and Legal Theory" by N.V. Paranjape.
  3. Administrative Law: "Administrative Law" by I.P. Massey.
  4. Law of Contract: "Law of Contract and Specific Relief" by Avtar Singh.
  5. Law of Torts: "Law of Torts" by R.K. Bangia.
  6. Family Law: "Family Law" by Paras Diwan.
  7. Criminal Law: "Indian Penal Code" by K.D. Gaur.
  8. Property Law: "Property Law" by Poonam Pradhan Saxena.
  9. Company Law: "Company Law" by Avtar Singh.
  10. Public International Law: "Textbook on International Law" by Rakesh Kumar Singh.
  11. Tax Law: "Law of Taxation" by V.K. Singhania.
  12. Environmental Law: "Environmental Law" by Shyam Divan.
  13. Labour & Industrial Law: "Labour and Industrial Law" by S.C. Srivastava.

In addition to these books, make use of online resources, legal databases, and mock tests to enhance your preparation.

Preparation Tips

To excel in the CLAT PG 2025 exam, follow these preparation tips:

  1. Develop a Study Schedule: Create a study plan that allocates sufficient time to each subject and topic.
  2. Practice Mock Tests: Regularly attempt mock tests to familiarize yourself with the exam pattern and improve time management skills.
  3. Read Current Affairs: Stay updated with current legal developments and their implications.
  4. Analyze Previous Year Papers: Study previous year question papers to understand the exam pattern and identify important topics.
  5. Join Online Study Groups: Engage with fellow aspirants to discuss concepts, share resources, and gain insights.
  6. Seek Expert Guidance: Consult experienced faculty or mentors for guidance and clarifications.
  7. Review and Revise: Regularly review and revise the topics you have studied to reinforce your understanding.
  8. Stay Motivated: Maintain a positive mindset and stay motivated throughout your preparation journey.

By following these tips, you can enhance your preparation and increase your chances of success in the CLAT PG 2025 exam.


The CLAT PG 2025 exam requires a comprehensive understanding of the syllabus and focused preparation. By familiarizing yourself with the subjects and sub-topics outlined in this article, referring to the recommended books, and following the preparation tips, you can enhance your chances of scoring well in the exam. Stay committed, study diligently, and keep yourself updated with the latest legal developments. Good luck with your CLAT PG 2025 preparation!

Checkout our Upcoming Course on All in One LLM Entrance Exam Preparation

For the latest updates and information on law school and legal affairs, visit Legalstix Law School.

Loading Result...

Download FREE LegalStix App

Get instant updates!

Request a callback
Register Now