Jharkhand General Knowledge: A Comprehensive Guide for Judiciary Exams
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Jharkhand General Knowledge: A Comprehensive Guide for Judiciary Exams

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Jharkhand, a state located in the northeastern part of India, is rich in cultural heritage and natural resources. Aspirants preparing for various competitive exams, such as JHPCS (Jharkhand Public Service Commission) and JHTET (Jharkhand Teacher Eligibility Test), must have a strong grasp of Jharkhand General Knowledge (JH GK). This article aims to provide a comprehensive guide to Jharkhand GK, covering important facts and questions that are frequently asked in exams. So, let's delve into the fascinating world of Jharkhand's history, geography, government, and much more.

Introduction to Jharkhand

Jharkhand, also known as "The Land of Forests," was established as a separate state on November 15, 2000. With Ranchi as its capital, the state is home to a population of approximately 3.29 crore. Covering an area of 79,710 square kilometers, Jharkhand is divided into 24 districts, with Dumka serving as its sub-capital. The state's official language is Hindi, while other languages spoken include Santhali, Bengali, Mundari, Kurukh, Ho, Nagpuriya, and Khortha.

Jharkhand's Geographical Location

Situated in the northeastern part of India, Jharkhand shares its borders with Bihar, Odisha, West Bengal, Chhattisgarh, and Uttar Pradesh. The state is located between 21°58' to 25°18' north latitude and 83°22' to 87°57' east longitude. Jharkhand's geographical shape is rectangular, occupying approximately 2.42% of India's total land area. It stretches 380 kilometers from north to south and 463 kilometers from east to west.

Jharkhand's History and Culture

Historical Significance

Jharkhand has a rich historical background that dates back to ancient times. The region was inhabited by various indigenous tribes, including the Asurs, Mundas, Santhals, and Oraons. During the medieval period, Jharkhand witnessed the rule of the Gajapatis of Odisha, the Mughals, and the Marathas. However, it was under British colonial rule that Jharkhand's mining and industrial activities began to flourish.

Formation of Jharkhand

After years of struggle for a separate state, Jharkhand finally achieved its independence on November 15, 2000. This significant milestone was a result of the persistent efforts and sacrifices made by various political and social leaders. The formation of Jharkhand was a crucial step towards preserving the cultural and ethnic identity of the indigenous tribes residing in the region.

Cultural Heritage

Jharkhand is known for its vibrant cultural heritage, which is deeply rooted in the traditions and customs of its indigenous tribes. The state boasts a diverse range of festivals, folk music, dance forms, and handicrafts. Some popular festivals celebrated in Jharkhand are Sarhul, Karma, Sohrai, and Tusu Parab. The Chhau dance, Jhumar, and Paika are some of the traditional dance forms that showcase the unique cultural identity of the state.

Jharkhand's Political Structure

State Government

Jharkhand follows a parliamentary system of government, with a multi-party system in place. The state has a unicameral legislature, consisting of a Legislative Assembly. The Chief Minister, who is the head of the government, is responsible for the day-to-day administration of the state. Jharkhand also has a High Court located in Ranchi, which serves as the apex judicial body for the state.

First Chief Minister of Jharkhand

The first Chief Minister of Jharkhand was Babulal Marandi, who took office on November 15, 2000. Since then, Jharkhand has been governed by various Chief Ministers, including Arjun Munda, Madhu Koda, and Shibu Soren.

Administrative Divisions

Jharkhand is divided into five divisions, namely Ranchi, Dumka, Hazaribagh, Palamu, and Dhanbad. These divisions are further subdivided into 24 districts, each with its own administrative headquarters. The administrative setup plays a crucial role in ensuring effective governance and efficient delivery of public services.

Jharkhand's Economy and Natural Resources

Mineral Wealth

Jharkhand is blessed with abundant mineral resources, making it an important contributor to India's economy. The state is known for its vast reserves of coal, iron ore, copper, mica, bauxite, and limestone. The mining industry plays a significant role in generating revenue and providing employment opportunities for the people of Jharkhand.

Industrial Growth

Apart from mining, Jharkhand has witnessed significant industrial growth in sectors such as steel, power, cement, and textiles. The state is home to several major industrial establishments, including Bokaro Steel Plant, Tata Motors, Heavy Engineering Corporation (HEC), and Central Coalfields Limited (CCL). These industries have not only contributed to the economic development of the state but have also created job opportunities for the local population.

Agriculture and Forests

Agriculture and forestry are vital sectors in Jharkhand's economy. The state's fertile soil and favorable climatic conditions support the cultivation of various crops, including paddy, wheat, maize, pulses, and oilseeds. Jharkhand is also known for its rich forest cover, which plays a crucial role in maintaining ecological balance and supporting the livelihoods of tribal communities.

Jharkhand's Tourist Attractions

Natural Beauty

Jharkhand is blessed with abundant natural beauty, attracting tourists from far and wide. The state is home to picturesque waterfalls, lush green forests, and serene lakes. Some popular tourist destinations in Jharkhand include Hundru Falls, Jonha Falls, Betla National Park, Hazaribagh Wildlife Sanctuary, and Netarhat.

Historical and Cultural Sites

Jharkhand's historical and cultural sites showcase the rich heritage of the state. The Sun Temple in Ranchi, Jagannath Temple in Ranchi, Rajrappa Temple in Ramgarh, and Maluti Temples in Dumka are some of the notable religious sites. The Palamu Fort, Anjan Dham, and Maithon Dam are also worth visiting for their historical significance.

Adventure Tourism

Adventure enthusiasts can indulge in various activities in Jharkhand, such as trekking, rock climbing, and wildlife safaris. The Netarhat Plateau offers breathtaking views and is a popular spot for adventure tourism. The Tilaiya Dam, Parasnath Hill, and Dimna Lake are other attractions that offer exciting opportunities for adventure seekers.

Jharkhand's Education and Cultural Institutes


Jharkhand is home to several prestigious universities and educational institutions. Some renowned universities in the state include Ranchi University, Jharkhand Rai University, Birla Institute of Technology (BIT), and National Institute of Technology (NIT) Jamshedpur. These institutions provide quality education and contribute to the overall development of the state.

Cultural Centers

Jharkhand is known for its vibrant cultural centers that promote art, literature, and language. The Jharkhandi Bhasha Sahitya Sanskriti Akhra, Jharkhandi Sanskritik Sangh, and Jharkhandi Bhasha Sahitya Sanskriti Parishad are instrumental in preserving and promoting the cultural heritage of Jharkhand.

Jharkhand's Important Personalities

Contributions of Eminent Personalities

Jharkhand has been the birthplace of several eminent personalities who have made significant contributions in various fields. Notable personalities include Birsa Munda, Sidho-Kanho-Birsha University, and Mahendra Singh Dhoni. These individuals have not only brought pride to the state but have also inspired the younger generation to strive for excellence.


Jharkhand, with its rich history, cultural heritage, and abundant natural resources, is a state that holds immense significance in the Indian context. Aspirants preparing for competitive exams must have a strong command over Jharkhand General Knowledge. By studying these important facets, aspirants will be well-equipped to tackle Jharkhand-related questions in their exams. Stay updated with the latest developments in the field of law by visiting Legalstix Law School for the latest updates.

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