NCLT Litigation and Laws: Mastering the Art of Winning NCLT Cases
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NCLT Litigation and Laws: Mastering the Art of Winning NCLT Cases

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Are you looking to gain a deeper understanding of the National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT) and its functions? Look no further! In this guide, we'll take you through everything you need to know about NCLT, its establishment, composition, jurisdiction, and the significant role it plays in resolving corporate disputes. Let's dive in!

Introduction to NCLT

The National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT) is a quasi-judicial body that was established in India under the Companies Act, 2013. Its primary aim is to consolidate and replace various tribunals and forums, such as the Company Law Board (CLB), the Board for Industrial and Financial Reconstruction (BIFR), and the Appellate Authority for Industrial and Financial Reconstruction (AAIFR). With its inception, NCLT became a significant judicial institution responsible for handling matters related to corporate laws, company disputes, and insolvency and bankruptcy proceedings.

Establishment and Composition of NCLT

The Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) constituted the NCLT on June 1, 2016. It consists of multiple benches located in different cities across India. The composition of NCLT includes both judicial and technical members. The judicial members are retired judges of the High Court or Supreme Court, while the technical members are professionals with expertise in fields such as law, finance, management, or accountancy.

Jurisdiction of NCLT

NCLT has extensive jurisdiction over various matters concerning companies. It has the power to adjudicate cases related to insolvency, mergers and acquisitions, oppression and mismanagement, winding up, and other corporate disputes. NCLT can handle cases involving both public and private companies, as well as limited liability partnerships (LLPs).

Functions and Powers of NCLT

  1. Adjudication of Corporate Disputes: One of the primary functions of NCLT is to adjudicate corporate disputes and provide a fair and impartial platform for their resolution. It has the authority to hear and decide cases related to oppression and mismanagement, class actions, and derivative actions.
  2. Approval of Mergers and Acquisitions: NCLT plays a crucial role in overseeing the process of mergers and acquisitions (M&A) involving companies. It has the power to sanction schemes of arrangement, amalgamation, or compromise between companies, ensuring compliance with the law and the best interests of stakeholders.
  3. Insolvency and Bankruptcy Proceedings: With the introduction of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016, NCLT has been entrusted with the responsibility of handling insolvency and bankruptcy cases. It acts as an adjudicating authority for initiating and overseeing the resolution process of insolvent companies and individuals.
  4. Winding up of Companies: NCLT has the authority to hear and decide petitions for the winding up of companies. It can order the winding up of a company if it is unable to pay its debts or if it is just and equitable to do so. NCLT ensures a systematic and legal process for the winding up of companies, protecting the interests of creditors and other stakeholders.
  5. Conversion of Companies: NCLT also deals with matters related to the conversion of companies. It can allow companies to convert from one form to another, such as from a private company to a public company or vice versa, subject to compliance with the applicable provisions of the Companies Act.
  6. Investigation and Prosecution: NCLT has the power to order investigations into the affairs of a company if there are suspicions of fraudulent or unlawful conduct. It can direct investigative agencies to conduct such investigations. Based on the investigation report, NCLT can initiate prosecution against individuals or entities involved.
  7. Review of Decisions: NCLT has the authority to review its own decisions and rectify any mistakes or errors. Parties aggrieved by the orders of NCLT can file appeals before the National Company Law Appellate Tribunal (NCLAT) and, subsequently, before the Supreme Court of India.

Procedural Aspects of NCLT

The filing and disposal of cases in NCLT follow a prescribed procedure. Any person or entity aggrieved by an order, decision, or resolution can approach NCLT by filing a petition or an application, depending on the nature of the case. NCLT has its own set of rules and regulations, known as the National Company Law Tribunal Rules, 2016, which outline the procedure for conducting proceedings before the tribunal. The filing fee and other procedural requirements vary depending on the nature of the case. NCLT has the power to condone delays in filing applications or petitions if sufficient cause is shown. It conducts hearings, allowing parties to present their arguments and evidence. NCLT passes orders, issues directions, and makes necessary provisions to ensure effective resolution of disputes.

Challenges and Impact of NCLT

The establishment of NCLT has brought significant changes to the corporate legal landscape of India. However, it has faced certain challenges. The NCLT benches are burdened with a large number of cases, leading to delays in the disposal of matters. The infrastructure and manpower at various NCLT benches need further improvement to handle the increasing workload effectively. Nevertheless, NCLT has played a crucial role in promoting a more streamlined and efficient resolution process for corporate disputes and insolvency cases. It has provided a specialized forum for resolving complex legal issues and has helped reduce the burden on regular courts. The decisions of NCLT have had a significant impact on the corporate sector, shaping jurisprudence and providing clarity on various legal provisions.

Course Overview

  1. Duration: 22 January - 1 February
  2. Time: 8-9pm
  3. Language: English & Hindi
  4. Validity Period: 180 days
  5. Price: ₹999 (including 18% GST)
  6. Link: NCLT Litigation & Laws Course

Course Curriculum

1. Introduction to NCLT

The National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT) is a quasi-judicial body established under the Companies Act, 2013 in India. It serves as a consolidated forum for resolving corporate disputes, replacing multiple tribunals and forums such as the Company Law Board, the Board for Industrial and Financial Reconstruction, and the Appellate Authority for Industrial and Financial Reconstruction. Understanding the background and function of NCLT is crucial for navigating the intricacies of NCLT litigation.

2. Kinds of Petitions Filed at NCLT

NCLT handles a wide range of petitions related to corporate matters. Familiarize yourself with the different types of petitions that can be filed at NCLT, including petitions for oppression and mismanagement, winding up of companies, mergers and acquisitions, and more. Gain a comprehensive understanding of the scope and nature of each type of petition to effectively strategize your litigation approach.

3. How to File a Petition at NCLT

Master the art of filing a petition at NCLT with precision and expertise. Learn the step-by-step process, from drafting the petition to filing it with the appropriate documentation. Understand the essential requirements, timelines, and procedural nuances involved in filing a petition at NCLT. Develop the skills to present a compelling case that stands out among the rest.

4. Drafting Techniques for NCLT

Effective drafting is critical to the success of any litigation. Explore the specific drafting techniques and best practices for NCLT cases. Understand how to structure your arguments, present your case persuasively, and anticipate counter-arguments. Learn the art of concise and impactful legal writing that captures the attention of the tribunal and strengthens your position.

5. Liquidation Petitions at NCLT

Liquidation proceedings are a significant aspect of NCLT litigation. Delve into the intricacies of filing and defending liquidation petitions at NCLT. Gain insights into the criteria for initiating liquidation, the appointment of liquidators, the distribution of assets, and the overall process of winding up a company. Develop a comprehensive understanding of the legal framework surrounding liquidation proceedings.

6. Strategies for NCLT Litigation

Discover winning strategies for NCLT litigation that will give you a competitive edge in the courtroom. Learn how to analyze case precedents, leverage legal provisions, and build compelling arguments. Explore effective negotiation techniques, alternative dispute resolution methods, and the art of cross-examination. Develop a strategic mindset that will maximize your chances of success in NCLT litigation.

7. Recent Developments in NCLT Laws

Stay up to date with the latest developments in NCLT laws. Understand the impact of recent amendments, landmark judgments, and emerging trends in NCLT litigation. Explore case studies that illustrate the practical application of these developments. Gain insights into the evolving landscape of NCLT laws and stay ahead of the curve in your practice.

Instructor Profile: Arpit Guru & Purvi

Arpit Guru, the founder of Legal Intel, and Purvi, renowned NCLT litigation experts, will be your mentors throughout this course. With their extensive experience and deep understanding of NCLT litigation, they bring a wealth of knowledge and practical insights to the table. Arpit Guru and Purvi have successfully represented clients in numerous high-stakes NCLT cases, and they are committed to sharing their expertise to help you excel in your NCLT practice.

Why Choose Legalstix Law School?

At Legalstix Law School, we are dedicated to providing aspiring legal professionals with comprehensive and practical education. Our courses are designed by industry experts, ensuring that you receive the most up-to-date and relevant knowledge. With flexible online learning options, you can access the course material at your convenience and pace. Join Legalstix Law School today and embark on your journey towards becoming an NCLT litigation expert!

Enroll now and unlock your potential in NCLT litigation!

For more information and updates, visit Legalstix Law School


The National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT) is a vital quasi-judicial body established under the Companies Act, 2013. With its wide jurisdiction and diverse functions, NCLT plays a crucial role in adjudicating corporate disputes, overseeing insolvency proceedings, approving mergers and acquisitions, and ensuring compliance with the law. Despite challenges, NCLT has emerged as a key institution in India's corporate legal system, contributing to the effective and efficient resolution of complex corporate matters.

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