Teaching Aptitude: Understanding the Concept, Objectives, Characteristics, and Levels
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Teaching Aptitude: Understanding the Concept, Objectives, Characteristics, and Levels

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Teaching is a highly complex process that aims to bring about desirable behavioral changes in individuals. In the traditional sense, teaching involves imparting instructions to learners in a classroom setting. However, in the modern context, teaching goes beyond mere instruction and focuses on enabling learners to acquire knowledge, skills, and desirable ways of living in society. It is a systematic and psychological process that involves the learner, teacher, curriculum, and various other variables to achieve predetermined goals.


Teaching Concept

Teaching is an integral part of the teaching-learning process. It is a dynamic process that aims to bring about specific changes in individuals based on the needs of their society and environment. Teaching is often described as a process rather than an act, as it is continuously evolving and influenced by social and human factors.

Expert views on the concept of teaching vary:

  1. Ryburn's view emphasizes that teaching is a relationship that fosters the development of a child's abilities.
  2. Burton defines teaching as the stimulation, guidance, direction, and encouragement of learning.
  3. According to Smith, teaching is a system of actions intended to produce learning.

Objectives of Teaching Concept

The major objectives of teaching concept include:

  1. Bringing about desired changes in students.
  2. Shaping behavior and conduct.
  3. Facilitating the acquisition of knowledge.
  4. Improving students' learning skills.
  5. Forming beliefs.
  6. Preparing students to become socially and efficient members of society.

Nature and Characteristics of Teaching

Teaching exhibits several key characteristics:

Nature of Teaching

Teaching is dynamic, social, and humane. It is influenced by social and human factors, making it a non-fundamental concept. Teaching is both an art and a science. It requires talent, creativity, and a repertoire of techniques and skills that can be studied, described, and improved. Teaching takes on diverse forms, such as formal, informal, directional, instructional, formational, training, conditioning, indoctrination, talking, showing, doing, remedial, etc.

Characteristics of Teaching

Teaching can be characterized by the following:

  1. System of actions: Teaching involves a system of actions that vary in form and are related to content and student behavior in different physical and social conditions.
  2. Professional activity: Teaching is a professional activity that aims to develop students' personalities. It requires teachers to be regular, harmonious, and focused on their objectives.
  3. Subjected to analysis and assessment: Teaching can be analyzed and assessed, providing feedback for further improvement.
  4. Interactive process: Teaching heavily relies on communication skills and is an interactive process driven by purpose and objectives.
  5. Specialized task: Teaching is a specialized task that requires a set of skills to achieve specific objectives.
  6. Collection of various modes: Teaching encompasses various modes such as conditioning, training, instruction, indoctrination, which contribute to the overall teaching process.

Goals of Teaching

The goals of teaching differ based on the various modes of teaching:

  1. Teaching: The goal is to bring about changes in students' behavior.
  2. Conditioning: The goal is to improve students' learning skills.
  3. Training: The goal is to shape behavior and conduct.
  4. Instruction: The goal is the acquisition of knowledge.
  5. Indoctrination: The goal is the formation of beliefs.

Levels of Teaching

Teaching occurs at three distinct levels, each with its own objectives and considerations. These levels are essential for achieving desired educational outcomes and taking into account the developmental stage of learners.

  1. Memory Level of Teaching (MLT): The objective at this level is to impart factual knowledge through memorization or rote learning. It focuses on identifying, recalling, and remembering objects, events, ideas, and concepts. MLT serves as a foundation for understanding and reflective levels of teaching.
  2. Understanding Level of Teaching (ULT): This level involves a moderate level of thoughtful behavior between the memory and reflective levels. It aims to develop students' understanding of generalizations, principles, and facts. ULT provides opportunities for students to develop intellectual behavior and active engagement with the subject matter.
  3. Reflective Level of Teaching (RLT): RLT represents the highest level of teaching and learning activity. It requires students to go beyond repetition, understanding, and interpretation. At this level, students engage in critical thinking, problem-solving, and independent decision-making. The focus is on developing students' reflective power and their ability to apply reasoning, logic, and imagination to solve real-life problems.

Requirements of Teaching

Effective teaching involves several key variables:

  1. Dependent Variable: The student is the dependent variable in the teaching process. The teacher's efforts and the teaching process bring about changes and development in students. Students play an active role in the learning process.
  2. Independent Variable: The teacher acts as the independent variable in the teaching process. Teachers are responsible for planning, organizing, leading, and controlling the teaching process. They have the freedom to act while students depend on their guidance.
  3. Intervening Variables: Intervening variables facilitate interaction between the dependent and independent variables. These variables include the content of teaching, methods and techniques, instructional materials, teaching environments, etc.

The basic requirements for effective teaching include professionalism, a suitable learning environment, a strong teacher-student relationship, student discipline, and the teacher's dedication to teaching.


Teaching is a complex process with the objective of bringing about desirable behavioral changes in learners. It goes beyond instruction and aims to enable learners to acquire knowledge, skills, and desirable ways of living in society. The nature and characteristics of teaching highlight its dynamic and social aspects. Teaching occurs at different levels, each with its own objectives and considerations. Effective teaching requires the integration of various variables and a strong focus on student development. By understanding the concept, objectives, characteristics, and levels of teaching, educators can enhance their teaching practices and contribute to the overall growth and development of learners.

For the latest updates on teaching aptitude and other related topics, visit Legalstix Law School.

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