Frequently Asked Legal Questions in India
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Frequently Asked Legal Questions in India

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In India, there are numerous legal questions that individuals often have. Understanding the law can be complex, and it's important to have access to reliable information. In this article, we will address some of the most frequently asked legal questions in India. From the legal age of consent to property rights and divorce laws, we will provide you with the answers you need.


1. Indian Law and Its Sources

Indian law refers to the legal system and body of laws that govern the country. It encompasses laws enacted by the Indian Parliament, state legislatures, and various other regulations and judicial decisions. The primary sources of Indian law include:

  1. Constitution of India
  2. Legislation (Acts of Parliament and State Legislatures)
  3. Case law (judicial decisions)
  4. Customary law (in certain areas and communities)
  5. Legal precedents and doctrines

These sources collectively form the foundation of the Indian legal system, providing a framework for the resolution of disputes and the administration of justice.

2. Hierarchy of Courts in India

The hierarchy of courts in India plays a crucial role in the judicial system. The structure is as follows:

  1. Supreme Court of India
  2. High Courts of respective states and union territories
  3. District Courts and subordinate courts

The Supreme Court is the highest judicial body in India and serves as the final court of appeal. It has the power of judicial review and can interpret the Constitution. The High Courts are responsible for the administration of justice within their respective jurisdictions, while the District Courts handle cases at the district level.

3. Role of the Supreme Court of India

The Supreme Court of India holds significant importance in the Indian legal system. It serves as the highest appellate court and has the power to interpret the Constitution. The court hears appeals from the High Courts and deals with matters of national importance. Its role extends to safeguarding fundamental rights, ensuring the rule of law, and maintaining the balance of power among the three branches of government.

4. Common Legal Issues Faced by Individuals

Individuals in India often encounter various legal issues. Some of the most common ones include:

  1. Property disputes: Disagreements over ownership, boundaries, and rights related to property.
  2. Family law matters: Divorce, child custody, maintenance, and adoption.
  3. Criminal offenses: Charges and trials related to crimes committed.
  4. Consumer disputes: Issues with products, services, or unfair trade practices.
  5. Employment-related issues: Disputes over wages, contracts, termination, or workplace harassment.
  6. Contractual disputes: Breach of contract or disagreements over terms and conditions.

It is crucial to seek legal advice to navigate these issues effectively and protect your rights.

5. Legal Age of Consent

The legal age of consent in India is 18 years. Engaging in any sexual activity with a person below this age is considered a criminal offense under various laws. It is important to respect this age of consent to ensure the well-being and protection of individuals, particularly minors.

6. Laws Related to Women's Rights

India has several laws in place to protect the rights of women. Some significant legislation includes:

  1. Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act
  2. Dowry Prohibition Act
  3. Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition, and Redressal) Act
  4. Maternity Benefit Act
  5. Hindu Succession Act (amended in 2005)

These laws aim to address issues such as domestic violence, dowry harassment, workplace harassment, and ensure equal rights and opportunities for women in various aspects of life.

7. Penalties for Driving Under the Influence

Driving under the influence of alcohol is a punishable offense in India. The Motor Vehicles Act governs such cases and imposes penalties that may include imprisonment, fines, suspension of the driver's license, or a combination of these. It is crucial to prioritize road safety and refrain from driving if you have consumed alcohol.

8. Filing a Civil Lawsuit

To file a civil lawsuit in India, certain steps need to be followed. The process typically involves:

  1. Drafting a plaint: Prepare a written statement outlining the case's details.
  2. Jurisdiction: Identify the appropriate court with jurisdiction over the matter.
  3. Filing the plaint: Submit the plaint to the court and pay the necessary fees.
  4. Summons: The court issues summons to the defendant, notifying them of the lawsuit.
  5. Evidence and arguments: Both parties present their evidence and arguments during the trial.
  6. Judgment: The court examines the evidence and delivers a judgment based on the merits of the case.

It is advisable to consult with a lawyer to ensure proper compliance with the legal procedures.

9. Grounds for Divorce

Divorce laws in India vary based on personal laws and the religion of the parties involved. Some common grounds for divorce include:

  1. Mutual consent: Both parties agree to end the marriage.
  2. Cruelty: Physical or mental cruelty inflicted on one spouse by the other.
  3. Adultery: Extramarital affairs by either spouse.
  4. Desertion: One spouse abandoning the other without a valid reason.
  5. Conversion: One spouse converting to another religion.
  6. Mental illness: Severe and incurable mental illness affecting one spouse.
  7. Communicable diseases: Incurable diseases that pose a risk to the other spouse.

It is important to consult with a lawyer to understand the specific grounds applicable to your situation.

10. Punishment for Rape

Rape is a heinous crime, and the punishment for it in India is severe. The punishment can range from a minimum of 10 years of rigorous imprisonment to life imprisonment. In exceptionally grave offenses, the court may even award the death penalty. It is crucial to report incidents of rape and provide support to the survivors.

11. Sexual Harassment in the Workplace

Sexual harassment at the workplace is a serious issue, and several laws aim to address and prevent it. The Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition, and Redressal) Act, 2013, provides a framework for preventing and addressing sexual harassment. Employers are required to set up Internal Complaints Committees (ICCs) to handle such complaints, ensuring a safe and respectful work environment.

12. Live-In Relationships and Homosexuality

Live-in relationships are legal in India. The Supreme Court has held that living together without marriage is not a crime. However, the law may consider the couple as "married" for legal purposes in certain situations, leading to potential rights and obligations.

In September 2018, the Supreme Court of India decriminalized homosexuality by striking down Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code. This landmark judgment recognized the rights of individuals to engage in consensual same-sex relationships without fear of criminal prosecution.

13. Property Rights for Women

The Hindu Succession Act, 1956, as amended in 2005, grants equal rights to daughters in ancestral property. Previously, daughters were excluded from claiming ancestral property, but the amendment ensures that they have the same rights as sons. This step promotes gender equality and empowers women in matters of property ownership.

14. Protecting Intellectual Property Rights

Intellectual property rights (IPR) protection is crucial for creators and innovators. In India, individuals or entities can protect their intellectual property through various means, including:

  1. Patents: Protection for inventions and technical advancements.
  2. Trademarks: Safeguarding brands, logos, and distinctive marks.
  3. Copyrights: Protecting creative works such as books, music, and art.
  4. Designs: Securing the visual appearance of products.

To secure these rights, registration with the respective intellectual property offices is essential. It is advisable to consult with an intellectual property lawyer to navigate the registration process and ensure adequate protection.


Understanding the legal landscape in India is essential for individuals seeking guidance and information. This article has addressed some of the most frequently asked legal questions in India, ranging from the legal age of consent to property rights, divorce laws, and more. Remember that laws may change over time, so it is essential to stay updated and consult with qualified legal professionals for specific legal matters.

For the latest updates and legal information, consider following Legalstix Law School, a trusted source for legal insights and guidance.

Additional Information: For the latest updates on Indian legal matters and comprehensive legal resources, visit Legalstix Law School. They provide valuable information and expert guidance on various legal topics. Stay informed and empowered with Legalstix Law School.

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